Extracellular protease ADAMTS9 suppresses esophageal and nasopharyngeal carcinoma tumor formation by inhibiting angiogenesis

Paulisally Hau Yi Lo, Hong Lok Lung, Arthur Kwok Leung Cheung, Suneel S. Apte, Kwok Wah Chan, Fung Mei Kwong, Josephine Mun Yee Ko, Yue Cheng, Simon Law, Gopesh Srivastava, Eugene R. Zabarovsky, Sai Wah Tsao, Cheuk On Tang, Eric J. Stanbridge, Maria Li Lung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ADAMTS metalloprotease family member ADAMTS9 maps to 3p14.2 and shows significant associations with the aerodigestive tract cancers esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the functional impact of ADAMTS9 on cancer development has not been explored. In this study, we evaluated the hypothesized antiangiogenic and tumor-suppressive functions of ADAMTS9 in ESCC and NPC, in stringent tumorigenicity and Matrigel plug angiogenesis assays. ADAMTS9 activation suppressed tumor formation in nude mice. Conversely, knockdown of ADAMTS9 resulted in clones reverting to the tumorigenic phenotype of parental cells. In vivo angiogenesis assays revealed a reduction in microvessel numbers in gel plugs injected with tumor-suppressive cell transfectants. Similarly, conditioned medium from cell transfectants dramatically reduced the tube-forming capacity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. These activities were associated with a reduction in expression levels of the proangiogenic factors MMP9 and VEGFA, which were consistently reduced in ADAMTS9 transfectants derived from both cancers. Taken together, our results indicate that ADAMTS9 contributes an important function in the tumor microenvironment that acts to inhibit angiogenesis and tumor growth in both ESCC and NPC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5567-5576
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Volume70
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this