Extending the utility of the Depression Anxiety Stress scale by examining its psychometric properties in Chinese settings

R.C.K. Chan, T. Xu, J. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Zhao, Ho Keung David Shum, J. O'Gorman, R. Potangaroa

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


The Depression Anxiety Stress scale (DASS) is a widely used instrument for assessing mental health status, but the construct validity of the Chinese version of the test has not been demonstrated. The current study recruited three independent samples of Chinese participants to examine its reliability, factor structure, and utility in differentiating groups expected to show high and low scores on the scales. The first sample comprised 605 undergraduate student volunteers from Beijing, the second sample comprised 138 residents from the Sichuan Province who had experienced the 2008 earthquake there, and the third sample comprised 86 Beijing residents. Cronbach's alpha values in excess of 0.80 were found for all samples and all scales. Confirmatory factor analysis with the student sample supported a three-factor latent structure for the DASS (depression, anxiety, and stress). Substantially higher scores on all scales were found for the Sichuan earthquake sample compared with the Beijing resident's sample. Implications of these findings for the assessment of mental status using the DASS in China are discussed. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-883
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • CFA
  • DASS
  • Sichuan earthquake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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