Extending Navigation Service under Sensor Failures: An Approach by Integrating System Identification and Vehicle Dynamic Model

Penggao Yan, Li Ta Hsu, Weisong Wen

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Localization plays a vital role in various autonomous systems, providing essential information for perception and planning tasks. However, mainstream localization methods are based on the sensors approach, which is vulnerable in some extreme conditions where sensors probably fail in a short period, such as the camera-based visual positioning. This study proposes a sensor-free localization method by integrating vehicle dynamic models and an online system identification module. First, a system identification process is conducted online to identify the system dynamics of the powertrain system and the steering system of the autonomous vehicle. Then, the identified system responses are taken as the control input of the vehicle dynamic model to produce the positioning results. The simulated experiments show that the proposed method achieves better positioning performance than the conventional vehicle dynamic models. In addition, the extendibility of the proposed method is explored by fusing it with extra sensors based on the extended Kalman filter (EKF). Furthermore, the navigation ability of the proposed method without sensors is also examined along a trajectory of 140 meters. The proposed method successfully accomplishes the navigation task without any collisions, demonstrating the effectiveness in enhancing the security of autonomous systems with navigation needs when sensors fail in extreme conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium, PLANS 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages630-636
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781665417723
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium, PLANS 2023 - Monterey, United States
Duration: 24 Apr 202327 Apr 2023

Publication series

Name2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium, PLANS 2023

Conference

Conference2023 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium, PLANS 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMonterey
Period24/04/2327/04/23

Keywords

  • autonomous systems
  • localization
  • online system identification formatting
  • sensor failures
  • vehicle dynamic model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Control and Optimization

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Extending Navigation Service under Sensor Failures: An Approach by Integrating System Identification and Vehicle Dynamic Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this