Exploring ultrasound-modulated optical tomography at clinically useful depths using the photorefractive effect

Puxiang Lai, Yuta Suzuki, Xiao Xu, Lihong V. Wang

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


For years, ultrasound-modulated optical tomography (UOT) has been proposed to image optical contrasts deep inside turbid media (such as biological tissue) at an ultrasonic spatial resolution. The reported imaging depth so far, however, has been limited, preventing this technique from finding broader applications. In this work, we present our latest experimental explorations that push UOT to clinically useful imaging depths, achieved through optimizing from different aspects. One improvement is the use of a large aperture fiber bundle, which more effectively collects the diffused light, including both ultrasound-modulated and unmodulated portions, from the turbid sample and then sends it to the photorefractive material. Another endeavor is employment of a large aperture photorefractive polymer film for demodulating the ultrasound-induced phase modulation. Compared with most UOT detection schemes, the polymer film based setup provides a much higher etendue as well as photorefractive two-beam-coupling gain. Experimentally, we have demonstrated enhanced sensitivity and have imaged through tissue-mimicking samples up to 9.4 cm thick at the ultrasonically-determined spatial resolutions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotons Plus Ultrasound
Subtitle of host publicationImaging and Sensing 2013
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2013 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 3 Feb 20135 Feb 2013


ConferencePhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA


  • acousto-optic imaging
  • biological tissue
  • optical fiber bundle
  • optical imaging
  • photorefractive crystal
  • photorefractive polymer
  • tissue-mimicking phantom
  • ultrasound modulation
  • ultrasound-modulated optical tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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