Exploring the intellectual cores of the blockchain–Internet of Things (BIoT)

Y. P. Tsang, C. H. Wu, W. H. Ip, Wen Lung Shiau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Due to the rapid growth of blockchain technology in recent years, the fusion of blockchain and the Internet of Things (BIoT) has drawn considerable attention from researchers and industrial practitioners and is regarded as a future trend in technological development. Although several authors have conducted literature reviews on the topic, none have examined the development of the knowledge structure of BIoT, resulting in scattered research and development (R&D) efforts. Design/methodology/approach: This study investigates the intellectual core of BIoT through a co-citation proximity analysis–based systematic review (CPASR) of the correlations between 44 highly influential articles out of 473 relevant research studies. Subsequently, we apply a series of statistical analyses, including exploratory factor analysis (EFA), hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), k-means clustering (KMC) and multidimensional scaling (MDS) to establish the intellectual core. Findings: Our findings indicate that there are nine categories in the intellectual core of BIoT: (1) data privacy and security for BIoT systems, (2) models and applications of BIoT, (3) system security theories for BIoT, (4) frameworks for BIoT deployment, (5) the fusion of BIoT with emerging methods and technologies, (6) applied security strategies for using blockchain with the IoT, (7) the design and development of industrial BIoT, (8) establishing trust through BIoT and (9) the BIoT ecosystem. Originality/value: We use the CPASR method to examine the intellectual core of BIoT, which is an under-researched and topical area. The paper also provides a structural framework for investigating BIoT research that may be applicable to other knowledge domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1287-1317
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Enterprise Information Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2021


  • Blockchain
  • Co-citation proximity analysis
  • Intellectual core
  • Internet of things
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Information Systems
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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