Experimental study on the reinforced fly ash and sand retaining wall under static load

Li Hua Li, Chang Dao Yu, Heng Lin Xiao, Wei Qiang Feng, Qiang Ma, Jian Hua Yin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Fly ash is a sustainable fill material used in retaining structures. Physical model tests were conducted to investigate the deformation characteristics and ultimate bearing capacity of a retaining wall consisting of a fly ash-sand mixture backfill and geosynthetic reinforcements. Different types, layers, and combinations of geogrid materials including the waste tires were considered in the physical model tests. The vertical earth pressure and displacements of the retaining wall were monitored for various surcharge loads. The results indicated that a reinforced layer effectively increases the bearing capacity of the retaining wall and decreases vertical settlement and deflection. Furthermore, waste tires exhibited greater deformation resistance and bearing capacity compared to other materials. Waste tire and geogrid combinations help to uniformly distribute the surcharge load and improve retaining wall performance. Finally, two analytical models were compared to the experimental results to access their feasibility for various reinforcement materials and combinations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118678
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2020


  • Fly ash sand mixture
  • Geogrid reinforcement
  • Reinforced earth retaining wall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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