Experimental study on particulate emission of a diesel engine fueled with blended ethanol-dodecanol-diesel

Yage Di, Chun Shun Cheung, Zuohua Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments were conducted on a 4-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine which has a compressing ratio of 19, using ultra low sulfur diesel blended with ethanol using 1-1.5% by volume of 1-dodecanol as the solvent to investigate the particulate emissions of the engine under five engine loads and at engine speeds of 1800 and 2400 rev/min. Blended fuels containing 6.1%, 12.2%, 18.2% and 24.2% by volume of ethanol, corresponding to 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% by mass of oxygen in the blended fuel, were used. At both engine speeds, with an increase in ethanol in the fuel, the smoke opacity, the particulate mass concentration and the total number of nano-size particles are all reduced. A diesel oxidation catalyst (Finnkat) was used and found to further reduce particulate emission. The smoke opacity, the particulate mass concentration and the total number concentration at 2400 rev/min are higher than those at 1800 rev/min.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-112
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009


  • Diesel oxidation catalyst
  • Diesel-ethanol blends
  • Ethanol
  • Particle size distribution
  • Particulate matter
  • Ultra low sulfur diesel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pollution

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