Debris flow normally occurs after heavy rains in mountainous regions with multiple surges. Flexible barriers are installed in torrents to intercept debris flows in an early stage. For the safer design of a flexible barrier installed in the upstream, the forces on the barrier invaded by debris flows should be taken into consideration. An outdoor physical modelling facility was utilized to study the interaction between debris flows and a flexible barrier. Three continuous debris flow impact tests were conducted to investigate the performance of a flexible barrier affected and overflowed by multiple surges of debris flow. A parameter named Initial Block Ratio (IBR) is introduced in this study to describe the initial condition of a flexible barrier filled by the earlier debris flow surges. By analysing the results of these tests, the dynamic response of a flexible barrier under the impact of multiple surges of debris flow is studied, and the influence of IBR on the interaction of debris flow with the flexible barrier is investigated. Based on the findings of the experimental study, a new simple method is proposed to calculate the loads on a filled flexible barrier overflowed by debris flow. By comparing with the measured impact force in the overflow test, this method has a good performance and can be utilized in design analysis with further calibration.
- Flexible barrier
- Impact force
- Multiple surges of debris flow
- Physical model
- Simple method
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology