Geosynthetics and deep cement mixed (DCM) soil columns have been widely used to improve soft soil grounds in many countries and regions. This paper presents an experimental study on a geosynthetic-reinforced sand fill over marine clay with or without DCM columns under different loadings. Two tests were conducted on the sand fill reinforced with fixed-end and free-end geosynthetics over marine clay under three-stage local loading to investigate the effects of the boundary conditions of geosynthetic reinforcement on reducing settlements. It is observed that the fixed-end geosynthetic sheet is more effective in reducing settlements than the free-end condition under identical local loading. Another test was conducted on the fixed-end geosynthetic-reinforced sand fill over the marine clay improved by DCM columns under single-stage uniform loading. The vertical stresses on the marine clay and on the DCM columns, as well as the tensile strains of the geosynthetic sheet in the overlying sand fill, were measured. The results revealed that the stress concentration ratio increases with an increase in consolidation settlements, and the maximum tensile strain of the geosynthetic sheet occurs near the edge rather than at the center of the top surface of the DCM columns.
- Deep cement mixed soil columns
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Building and Construction