Experimental study on dispersion of instantaneous discharging sediment cloud in cross-flow

Jie Gu, Jing Huang, Chi Wai Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The artificial instantaneous discharge of dredged sediments in flowing waters is usually subjected to cross flow action. In shallow waters the initial discharge and cross-flow conditions are significant for the deposition pattern. The determination of the characteristics of this problem is thus important before environmental impact assessment can be made. In the present study, a series of laboratory experiments are carefully conducted to investigate the transport and mixing of an isolated sand cloud in cross-flow. The results show that the sediment cloud is dispersed under the forces of buoyancy, gravity, drag force and turbulence of cross-flow. The cross-flow is the main driving source for the advection of sediment cloud. The turbulence of cross-flow increases the mixing of sediment cloud and the ambient flowing water, and destroys the double vortices occurring in the stagnant water. Thus the vertical frontal position and longitudinal width increase. The analysis of experimental data gives the empirical constants and their variance, which can be used to determine the relationships of non-dimensional vertical frontal position and time, longitudinal width and time, and vertical frontal position and longitudinal width. All these results can be used to assess the environmental impact of dumping projects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalShuikexue Jinzhan/Advances in Water Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008


  • Cross-flow and dispersion
  • Cross-flow velocity
  • Experimental study
  • Instantaneous discharge
  • Sediment particle cloud

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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