Experimental Study of Square and Rectangular CFDST Sections with Stainless Steel Outer Tubes under Axial Compression

F. Wang, Ben Young, L. Gardner

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


© 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.A comprehensive experimental investigation into the axial compressive response of concrete-filled double skin tubular (CFDST) sections with stainless steel square and rectangular outer tubes is presented. A total of 28 tests was carried out. The experimental setup and procedures are described, and the test observations are fully reported. The test results are employed to assess the applicability of the current European and North American design provisions for composite carbon steel members to the design of the studied CFDST cross sections. Modifications to the current design codes are also considered - a higher buckling coefficient k of 10.67 to consider the beneficial restraining effect of the concrete on the local buckling of the stainless steel outer tubes and a reduction factor to account for the effective compressive strength of high-strength concrete. Overall, the comparisons revealed that the existing design rules may generally be safely applied to the prediction of the compressive resistance of CFDST cross sections with stainless steel outer tubes, although the modified design rules offered greater accuracy and consistency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04019139
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • Cold-formed
  • Composite structures
  • Concrete-filled double skin tubular (CFDST)
  • Experiments
  • Stainless steel
  • Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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