Experimental Study of Deep Cavity Noise Suppression by Surface Compliance

Muhammad Rehan Naseer, Lin Li, Jiaju Zou, Chi Kin Randolph Leung, Yu Liu, Reza Maryami

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates a novel passive control technique for suppressing tonal noise in deep cavities, focusing on the strategic use of surface compliance. An experimental setup was designed, featuring a deep cavity with an elastic panel flush-mounted at the cavity bottom. The primary goal is to verify and extend the findings of the previous numerical study by Naseer, et al. [1], which explored the potential of leveraging aeroacoustic-structural interactions for noise suppression. Pressure measurements of cavity flow and farfield noise, along with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), were utilized to capture the interactions between flow dynamics and the cavity acoustic response. The experimental results demonstrated that the panel effectively altered the aeroacoustic pattern inside the cavity, leading to a noticeable reduction in tonal noise up to 16.1 dB, particularly at specific flow velocities, 20 and 30 ms-1, where the interaction between shear layer oscillations and cavity acoustic modes typically strengthens aeroacoustic resonance. The study provides a detailed analysis of the modified aeroacoustic feedback mechanisms due to the introduction of the elastic panel. A comparison of acoustic spectra between the baseline rigid cavity configuration and the modified cavity-panel setup revealed that the panel not only reduced the peak noise levels but also shifted the dominant acoustic frequencies, suggesting a disruption in the typical aeroacoustic coupling processes. These findings highlight the potential of using compliant surfaces to passively control aeroacoustic emissions in practical applications, offering a promising alternative to more invasive noise mitigation strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-720-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2024

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