Experimental investigation on the self-ignition behaviour of coal dust accumulations in oxy-fuel combustion system

Dejian Wu, Xinyan Huang, Frederik Norman, Filip Verplaetsen, Jan Berghmans, Eric Van Den Bulck

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


For the oxy-coal combustion, the accumulation of coal dust in the system has a fire risk of self-ignition. Therefore, understanding the ignition dynamics of coal dust deposits in oxygen-enriched environment is essential for the prevention of fire and dust explosion. In this work, both hot-oven and hot-plate tests were conducted to study the self-ignition behaviour of coal dusts in O2/CO2 ambient with O2 mole fraction from 21% to 50%. Three coal dusts: Indonesian Sebuku coal, Pittsburgh No. 8 coal and South African coal were tested with different sizes. Experimental results revealed that the self-ignition risk increased significantly with the increasing O2 mole fraction: reducing both the critical ignition temperature (10°C in hot-oven test and 40°C in hot-plate test) and the ignition delay time. Comparatively, the inhibiting effect of CO2 was found to be small for self-ignition. In addition, a modified Frank-Kamenetzkii analysis was proposed to explain all measured critical ignition temperatures, and the genetic algorithm was used to determine kinetic parameters of the one-step global reaction. The analysis showed that as the coal maturity/rank increased, both the self-ignition risk and the sensitivity to oxidation decreased, along with the decreasing apparent activation energy and pre-exponential factor. Such trend did not change with the ambient oxygen condition for all three coal dusts. These results improve our understanding of the self-ignition behaviour and the fire risk of coal dust in the oxy-fuel combustion system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-254
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Critical ignition temperature
  • Hot oven
  • Hot plate
  • Kinetic parameters
  • O<inf>2</inf>/CO<inf>2</inf> ambient
  • Oxygen rich

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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