Experimental investigation on recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubular stub columns under axial compression

Vanessa da S. de Azevedo, Luciano R.O. de Lima, Pedro C.G.da S. Vellasco, Maria E.da N. Tavares, Tak Ming Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an extensive experimental investigation of the circular recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubes (RACFST) stub columns under to axial compression to assess their cross-section behaviour. Recycled aggregate concrete is a sustainable concrete produced with recycled coarse aggregate (RAC) from demolition wastes generally used to fabricate non-structural elements. When compared with natural coarse aggregate (NCA), the recycled coarse aggregate presents lower mechanical properties due to physical and chemical changes that occurred during the recycling process, and thus the resulting RAC possess lower strength than the conventional natural aggregate concrete. However, the confinement provided by the circular steel tube can increase the strength and ductility of RAC in recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubes (RACFST) columns. The test programme presented in this paper comprised twenty-three composite columns with replacement ratios (the mass percentages of the NCA replaced by RCA in concrete) corresponding to 0% (nature coarse aggregate), 30 and 50% (recycled aggregate concrete), plus four steel columns used for comparison. The experiments have shown that, as anticipated, the concrete core enhances the composite section load-carrying capacity. However, the control over the contents of this concrete core influences the composite section's ductility. If the fill material presents a brittle behaviour, stress redistributions occur in both steel and concrete to compensate for this effect. Since the behaviour of natural aggregate concrete filled steel tubes (NACFST) and RACFST columns are similar, the present paper starts from a study based on a comparative assessment of the recommendations presented in ABNT NBR 8800, ABNT NBR 16239, AISC 360–16, Eurocode 4 and Australian/New Zealand AS/NZS 2327 design standards. These design recommendations proved to be consistent and in line with the performed experiments. Additionally, the results indicated that the cross-section slenderness ratio (D/t) and the confinement ratio directly influence the composite section response.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106930
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Composite columns
  • Experimental analysis
  • Recycled aggregate concrete
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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