Experimental investigation on compressive behavior of corroded thin-walled CHS T-joints with grout-filled GFRP tube repairing

Wenkang Zuo, Hongfei Chang, Zhaowei Li, Aichen An, Junwu Xia, Tao Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the compression tests of grout-filled GFRP-repaired chord-corroded CHS T-joints. A total of eight specimens, including uncorroded or corroded bare steel joints, grout-filled GFRP- or PVC-repaired joints were tested under axial compressive loading via the brace. The design parameters included the brace-to-chord diameter ratio, weight loss ratio due to corrosion, steel bar anchors on chord and material of external tube. The corrosion and repairing process of specimens are presented, followed by analysis of typical test results such as the failure modes, compressive strength and initial stiffness. The test results indicated that the uniform corrosion with 10% chord weight loss did not change the failure mode of compressive CHS T-joints, but caused near 20% decrease of the compressive strength and the initial stiffness. The strength of external tube and brace diameter were two key factors that guarantee the repairing effect, and the effect of steel bar anchors on chord was minimal. The grout-filled GFRP tube is effective to strengthen chord-corroded CHS T-joints for enhanced compressive strength and stiffness, with the enhance ratio of over 2.0. The repairing mechanism of the grout-filled GFRP tube is to provide a strong constraint effect on the chord, which changes the failure mode of the specimens from chord face plastification to combined failure of chord punching shear and plastification. A modified formula is proposed for estimating the confinement effect of the grout-filled GFRP tube repaired specimens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109222
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • CHS T-joint
  • Compressive behavior
  • Corrosion
  • Experimental investigation
  • GFRP tube
  • Grout-filled

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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