Experimental investigation of regulated and unregulated emissions from a diesel engine fueled with Euro V diesel fuel and fumigation methanol

Z. H. Zhang, Chun Shun Cheung, Tat Leung Chan, C. D. Yao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments were conducted on a four-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine with part of the engine load taken up by fumigation methanol injected into the air intake of each cylinder to investigate the regulated and unregulated gaseous emissions and particulate emission of the engine under five engine loads at an engine speed of 1920 rev min-1. The fumigation methanol was injected to top up 10%, 20% and 30% of the engine load under different engine operating conditions. The experimental results show that at low engine loads, the brake thermal efficiency (BTE) decreases with increase in fumigation methanol; but at high engine loads, the BTE is not significantly affected by fumigation methanol. The fumigation methanol results in significant increase in hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) emissions, but decrease in nitrogen oxides (NOx). For the unregulated gaseous emissions, unburned methanol, formaldehyde and BTX (benzene, toluene and xylene) emissions increase but ethyne, ethene and 1,3-butadiene emissions decrease. Particulate mass and number concentrations also decrease with increase in fumigation methanol. A diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) is found to reduce significantly most of the pollutants, including the air toxics, when the exhaust gas temperature is sufficiently high.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1061
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2010


  • Diesel engine
  • Methanol
  • Particulate emissions
  • Regulated emissions
  • Unregulated emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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