Experimental investigation of concrete-filled cold-formed high strength stainless steel tube columns

Ben Young, E. Ellobody

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental investigation of concrete-filled cold-formed high strength stainless steel tube columns. The high strength stainless steel tubes had a yield stress and tensile strength up to 536 and 961 MPa, respectively. The behaviour of the columns was investigated using different concrete cylinder strengths varied from 40 to 80 MPa. A series of tests was performed to investigate the effects of the shape of the stainless steel tube, plate thickness and concrete strength on the behaviour and strength of concrete-filled high strength stainless steel tube columns. The high strength stainless steel tubes were cold-rolled into square and rectangular hollow sections. The depth-to-plate thickness ratio of the tube sections varied from 25.7 for compact sections to 55.8 for relatively slender sections. The columns had different lengths so the length-to-depth ratio generally remained at a constant value of 3. The concrete-filled high strength stainless steel tube specimens were subjected to uniform axial compression. The column strengths, load-axial strain relationships and failure modes of the columns were presented. The test strengths were compared with the design strengths calculated using the American specifications and Australian/New Zealand standards that consider the effect of local buckling using an effective width concept in the calculation of the stainless steel tube column strengths. Based on the test results, design recommendations were proposed for concrete-filled high strength stainless steel tube columns. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-492
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cold-formed steel
  • Composite columns
  • Concrete
  • Experimental investigation
  • High strength
  • Rectangular hollow sections
  • Square hollow sections
  • Stainless steel tubes
  • Structural design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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