Experimental investigation of cold-formed steel material at elevated temperatures

J. Chen, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

174 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the mechanical properties data for cold-formed steel at elevated temperatures. The deterioration of the mechanical properties of yield strength (0.2% proof stress) and elastic modulus are the primary properties in the design and analysis of cold-formed steel structures under fire. However, values of these properties at different temperatures are not well reported. Therefore, both steady and transient tensile coupon tests were conducted at different temperatures ranged approximately from 20 to 1000 °C for obtaining the mechanical properties of cold-formed steel structural material. This study included cold-formed steel grades G550 and G450 with plate thickness of 1.0 and 1.9 mm, respectively. Curves of elastic modulus, yield strength obtained at different strain levels, ultimate strength, ultimate strain and thermal elongation versus different temperatures are plotted and compared with the results obtained from the Australian, British, European standards and the test results predicted by other researchers. A unified equation for yield strength, elastic modulus, ultimate strength and ultimate strain of cold-formed steel at elevated temperatures is proposed in this paper. A full strain range expression up to the ultimate tensile strain for the stress-strain curves of cold-formed carbon steel at elevated temperatures is also proposed in this paper. It is shown that the proposed equation accurately predicted the test results. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-110
Number of pages15
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold-formed steel
  • Elevated temperatures
  • Experimental investigation
  • Mechanical properties
  • Steady state test
  • Stress-strain curves
  • Transient state test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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