Experimental investigation into the structural behaviour of lapped connections between cold-formed steel Z sections

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental investigation on the structural behaviour of lapped cold-formed steel Z sections. A total of 26 one point load tests on lapped connections between Z sections with various lap lengths and test spans were carried out, and both the strength and the deformation characteristics of these connections were examined in detail. Among all tests, section failure at the end of lap under combined bending and shear was always found to be critical in the connected Z sections. Moreover, the moment resistances of lapped connections with lap lengths equal to 1.2 times section depth were found to develop only 80% of the moment capacities of connected sections. For lapped connections with lap lengths equal to six times section depth, their moment resistances were found to be significantly increased to about 140% of the moment capacities of connected sections. Similar results in the flexural rigidities of the lapped connections were also found. Consequently, it is shown that the degree of structural continuity in lapped connections against bending depend on not only the load levels, the lap length to section depth ratios, but also the lap length to test span ratios. Hence, the widely adopted assumption of full strength and stiffness connections in lapped sections is not always correct. The research work aims to provide understanding to the structural performance of lapped connections between cold-formed steel Z sections, and hence, to develop a set of rational design rules for multi-span purlin systems with overlaps in modern roof construction. The analysis and design method will be fully presented in a complementary paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1033
Number of pages21
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2004

Keywords

  • Bolted moment connections
  • Combined bending and shear
  • Lapped cold-formed steel Z sections
  • Multi-span purlins with overlaps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this