Experimental and computational fluid dynamics-based numerical simulation of using natural gas in a dual-fueled diesel engine

Eivaz Akbarian, Bahman Najafi, Mohsen Jafari, Sina Faizollahzadeh Ardabili, Shahaboddin Shamshirband, Kwok Wing Chau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

116 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, investigations were performed on a dual-fueled constant-speed engine. Initially, the emissions and performance of a diesel engine were investigated, and after moving to the dual-fuel engine, experimental tests were carried out under different loads (10, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of the full load) and pilot to gaseous fuel (PGF) ratios (30, 40, and 50%). The results showed that under different loads and PGF ratios, the emissions of nitrous oxides and particle materials in the dual mode were lower than those for the diesel engine, and that the difference was significant. The emission of carbon dioxide in the dual-fueled mode varied little compared to that of the diesel mode, although it was lower than that for the diesel engine. In loads lower than 75% of the full load, the emission of carbon monoxide in the diesel engine was lower than that for the dual-fueled engine. However, in full load, this result was reversed and had significant difference. The dual mode had lower hydrocarbon emission compared to that of the diesel mode in all PGF ratios and loads. A computational fluid dynamics-based numerical simulation was performed by KIVA3V, and its results showed good agreements with the experimental results under cylinder pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-534
Number of pages18
JournalEngineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Dual-fueled diesel engine
  • Emissions
  • Engine performance
  • Natural gas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation

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