[目的]进一步分析护理人员在2008年汶川地震后的体验,了解发展中国家在灾害救护准备中存在的问题。[方法]运用质性研究的方法,应用伽达默尔的哲学诠释学,解释10名注册护士在抗震救灾中的体验。[结果]通过分析护士在汶川地震中的体验,得出护士在应对灾难中需要扮演多种角色。从访谈中归纳出3个主题,即救灾过程中的恐惧及心理状况;面临的挑战和应对策略;再次体验帮助和照护的角色。[结论]如果没有教育和灾害救护培训,护士不可能在救灾中做好充分准备,更不能达到态度端正、高效、良好协作,也不可能使自身压力减低。提示对护士进行关于灾害救护系统的教育与技能培训是十分必要的。||Objective: To further analyze the experience of the earthquake relief of nursing staff in Wenchuan in 2008 and know about the problems of developing countries in the preparation of disaster ambulance.Methods:The experience of 10 nurses in earthquake relief was analyzed by qualitative research methods using Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics.Results:Through the analysis of the experience of nurses in the earthquake,it got that the nurses in the disaster needed to play multiple roles.Three themes were summarized from the interviews:fear and psychological conditions in the relief process;the challenges and coping strategies;the roles of help and care in again experience.Conclusion:If there were no education and disaster rescue training,nurses could not be fully prepared for disaster relief and reach to the right attitude,efficient,and good collaboration,it was impossible to make themselves reduce the pressure.This prompts that education and skills training on disaster care systems for the nurses are very essential.
|Original language||Chinese (Simplified)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||护理研究 (Chinese nursing research)|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
- Disaster care
- Philosophical hermeneutics