Expansion space and thermal stability of microencapsulated n-octadecane

X. X. Zhang, Xiaoming Tao, Kit Lun Yick, Y. F. Fan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


5.0 -50.0 vt% of cyclohexane was mixed with 95.0-50.0 vt% of n-octadecane as the oil-phase during the emulsion process in the in situ polymerization of melamine-formaldehyde. By heat-treating the microcapsules in an oven at 100°C, the cyclohexane was removed and expansion space was formed inside fhe microcapsules. The microcapsules were characterized by using FTIR, SEM, DSC, TGA, and gas chromatography. When the microcapsules are heat-treated at temperatures higher than 180°C, Tm, ΔHm, Tc, and ΔHc of the microcapsules decrease. The attenuation of enthalpy of the microcapsules containing expansion space is obviously lower than that of the control sample, however. The permeability of the microcapsule shell decreases with the increase of cyclohexane content. There is a maximum between the thermal stabilities of the microcapsules and the cyclohexane contents. The microcapsules synthesized with 30.0-40.0 vt% of cyclohexane have the highest thermal stabilities, with 230°C and 289°C in air and nitrogen atmosphere, respectively. The thermal stable temperatures are approximately 67°C and 102°C higher than that of the control sample, respectively. The expansion space inside the microcapsules allows the n-octadecane to expand in the temperature rising process and exert lower pressure to the shell, therefore keeping the shell intact and increasing the thermal stabilities of the microcapsules.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2005


  • Expansion space
  • Microcapsule
  • Microencapsulation
  • Structure-property relations
  • Thermal property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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