Executive Functions in Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood and Their Relationship with Risk-Taking Behavior

James M. Ogilvie (Corresponding Author), David H.K. Shum, Anna Stewart

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Executive functions (EF) continue developing throughout adolescence, with immaturity in EF theorized to underlie risk-taking. 129 older adolescents and young adults (aged 17 to 22 years) were assessed using a battery of cool and hot EF tasks, and a behavioral measure of risk-taking propensity. Minimal age-related differences in EF performance were evident, confirming they were largely functionally mature by mid-adolescence. Inconsistent with the predictions of imbalance models of adolescent development, weaker EF was not associated with greater risk-taking propensity. The findings suggest that during later adolescence and early adulthood, not all forms of risk-taking are associated with EF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-468
Number of pages23
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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