Exceptionally high negative electro-caloric effects of poly(VDF-co-TrFE) based nanocomposites tuned by the geometries of barium titanate nanofillers

Zhi Yuan Jiang, Guangping Zheng, Xiu Cheng Zheng, Hao Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Exceptionally high electro-caloric effects (ECEs) are observed in nanocomposites consisting of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (VDF-co-TrFE) copolymer and barium titanate (BT) nanoparticles and nanowires. The poly(VDF-co-TrFE) matrix nanocomposites containing 5% volume fraction of BT nanowires are found to exhibit a negative ECE temperature change as large as 12 °C or a refrigeration effect of 8.3 J/g, which is much larger than those reported to date. The mechanisms of negative ECE and the enhanced negative ECE in the nanocomposites consisting of poly(VDF-co-TrFE) and BT nanowires are explained by the Kauzmann theory on glassy polar states and the interaction between BT nanofillers and the copolymer matrix. The effects of geometries of BT nanofillers on the negative ECEs are elucidated by P-E loop measurements, and dielectric and dynamical mechanical analyses. The nanocomposites, with their enhanced negative ECE tuned by the geometries of BT nanofillers, provide us with promising ECE refrigerants for practical application to small-sized and environmentally-friendly ECE coolers in the heat management of electronic devices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number315
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2017


  • Dielectric properties
  • Electro-caloric effect
  • Ferroelectric polymers
  • Mechanical relaxation
  • Nanocomposites
  • Nanofillers
  • Phase transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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