ï¿½ 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has attracted vast interest in the fields of electronic, optoelectronic, and valleytronic applications due to its unique properties. Because of its low dimensionality, MoS2is susceptible to oxygen absorption in ambient environments, which can alter its electrical and optical properties. Here, a new method to introduce oxygen chemisorption in ultrathin MoS2by controlled oxygen plasma treatment is presented. Using Raman spectroscopy, a red shift in the frequency of E12gmode with increasing oxygen chemisorption is found, whereas, the frequency of A1gmode is fixed. Interestingly, the absorption peak in the photoluminescence spectra red shifts, indicating an optical band gap reduction upon oxygen chemisorption. The behaviors of these different shifts are reproduced and elucidated by density functional theory calculations. It is found that the red shift of the E12gRaman peak is caused by a softening of in-plane Mo-S force constants, while the red shift in the photoluminescence peak is due to a reduction of the electronic band gap in oxygen-chemisorbed MoS2. The results shine light on the fundamental understanding of chemical interactions between oxygen and MoS2and provide an alternative way to achieve band gap engineering in MoS2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials