Evolution of mining-induced water inrush disaster from a hidden fault in coal seam floor based on a coupled stress–seepage–damage model

Jianli Shao, Qi Zhang, Wenquan Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Water inrush originating from hidden faults in the coal seam floor is challenging to prevent due to their concealed nature. This paper develops a coupled stress–seepage–damage model for simulating rock fracture, implemented using the finite element method. The model is validated against compression-seepage tests on rock samples, capturing realistic dynamics of shear and tensile damage as well as permeability. The model is applied to the 27305 working face of a coal mine in Shandong Province, China, revealing the evolution of water inrush caused by a hidden fault. The results indicate that as the working face progresses, both the floor damage and the internal damage within the hidden fault escalate gradually. When mining reaches 80 m, the hidden fault has been activated internally, and the depth of floor damage reaches 13 m, which still has a certain distance from the hidden fault. At 100 m, the depth of the floor damage has stabilized, while the stress concentration at the hidden fault's tip increases, and it begins to expand if conditions for tensile damage are met. By the time mining reaches 110 m, the hidden fault has expanded 9.2 m in length and connected with the floor damage zone, forming a water inrush channel that links the aquifer to the working face, presenting a significant water inrush risk. This work provides an intuitive approach to understanding the evolution of water inrush from a hidden fault, aiding in the prevention of water inrush disasters in practical engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
JournalGeomechanics and Geophysics for Geo-Energy and Geo-Resources
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


  • Hidden faults
  • Rock failure
  • Stress–seepage–damage coupling model
  • Underground mining
  • Water inrush disasters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geophysics
  • General Energy
  • Economic Geology


Dive into the research topics of 'Evolution of mining-induced water inrush disaster from a hidden fault in coal seam floor based on a coupled stress–seepage–damage model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this