Evaluation of Systemic Medications Associated With Surgically Treated Cataract Among US Adults

Ruidong Deng, Zhuoting Zhu, Xiaotong Han, Xianwen Shang, Mingguang He, Guihua Xu, Zilin Chen, Huiya Fan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To comprehensively determine the associations between systemic medications and surgically treated cataract in the US population. DESIGNS: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: Participants aged ≥40 years from the 1999-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were included. Surgically treated cataract was defined as cataract requiring a procedure. Data on prescription drug use over the past 30 days were collected via home interviews. Drug categories for ophthalmic indications and those prescribed in less than 0.5% of the participants were excluded from the analysis. Separate logistic regression models were used to explore associations between each drug category and surgically treated cataract. The Benjamin-Hochberg procedure was used to control the false discovery rate. RESULTS: A total of 14,931 were included in the present analysis. The weighted prevalence of surgically treated cataract was 9.6% (n=2010). We identified 20 drug categories that had significant associations with surgically treated cataract, of which 8 associations remained statistically significant after further adjustment for pertinent comorbidities. The 3 drug categories with the highest odds ratio (OR) values were tricyclic antidepressants (OR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.38-3.51; P = .001), insulin (OR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.48-3.07; P = 9.41×10–5) and group III antiarrhythmic agents (OR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.25-3.19; P = .004). The use of sex hormone combinations among women reduced the risk of having surgically treated cataract (OR, 0.011; 95% CI, 0.001-0.089; P = 5.98×10–5). Dose-response relationships were observed for all 8 drug categories. CONCLUSIONS: Our comprehensive evaluation provides new knowledge on the complex relationships between systemic medications and surgically treated cataract.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-136
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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