Evaluating the effectiveness of an integrated cognitive-behavioural intervention (Cbi) model for male problem gamblers in hong kong: A matched-pair comparison design

Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ting Kin Ng, Alun C. Jackson, Nicki A. Dowling, Herman Hay Ming Lo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Very few clinical cognitive-behavioural intervention (CBI) studies were conducted with the Chinese gamblers. There is a lack of attention paid to intervening in negative emotions that may also adversely affect PGs in current CBI treatment modality. This study is the first attempt to systematically and rigorously evaluate both the short-term and longer-term effects of a culturally-attuned CBI group treatment with an emotion regulation component for a group of Chinese PGs in Hong Kong. A quasi-experimental matched-pairs design was adopted and 84 participants were allocated to the CBI (N = 42) and social activity groups (N = 42). There are 3 assessment points in the study: baseline at recruitment, post-intervention at the end of CBI and social activity groups, and at 6-month follow-up. When compared to the social activity group and after controlling for general group effects, there were significantly greater decreases in the severity of gambling, gambling-related cognitions (i.e. interpretive bias), negative psychological states (i.e. stress) and money spent on gambling in the past month in the CBI group between pre-and post-intervention and between pre-intervention and 6-month follow-up. Results also indicated that both reduction in gambling-related cognitions and negative psychological states could mediate the treatment effect of the CBI on the reduction of problematic gambling behaviours. The culturally attuned integrated CBI group treatment with an emotional regulation component appeared to be effective in treating Chinese problem gamblers in Hong Kong and the effects could be sustained at 6-month follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018


  • Chinese problem gamblers
  • Cognitive-behavioural intervention
  • Gambling-related cognition
  • Integrated model
  • Male gamblers
  • Negative emotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this