Estimation of source location and ground impedance using a hybrid multiple signal classification and Levenberg-Marquardt approach

Kai Chung Tam, Siu Kit Lau, Shiu Keung Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A microphone array signal processing method for locating a stationary point source over a locally reactive ground and for estimating ground impedance is examined in detail in the present study. A non-linear least square approach using the Levenberg-Marquardt method is proposed to overcome the problem of unknown ground impedance. The multiple signal classification method (MUSIC) is used to give the initial estimation of the source location, while the technique of forward backward spatial smoothing is adopted as a pre-processer of the source localization to minimize the effects of source coherence. The accuracy and robustness of the proposed signal processing method are examined. Results show that source localization in the horizontal direction by MUSIC is satisfactory. However, source coherence reduces drastically the accuracy in estimating the source height. The further application of Levenberg-Marquardt method with the results from MUSIC as the initial inputs improves significantly the accuracy of source height estimation. The present proposed method provides effective and robust estimation of the ground surface impedance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-296
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2016


  • Ground impedance measurement
  • Microphone array
  • Source localization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this