Estimation of large regional urban and rural population density based on the differences of population distribution between urban and rural: Take shandong province as example

Nan Lu, Weiwei Zhang, Lijun Chen, Zhilin Li, Jun Chen, Ran Li, Xuehong Chen, Yushuo Zhang, Jiyu Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


All right reserved. Existing methods for large regional population density estimation, which are mostly concentrated in the kilometer scale and only reflect the macro distribution characteristics of the urban and rural population, are difficult to describe details of urban and rural population spatial distribution accurately. In order to resolve the problem above, an estimation method of large regional urban and rural population density, which is based on the first 30 m global land cover dataset(GlobeLand30) is proposed. Based on the urban and rural area data partitioned from artificial surfaces data in GlobeLand30 datasets, the population density were estimated in urban and rural area respectively. Urban population density was estimated through the correlation between night lighting intensity and population. Through area revise of rural patches by the method of quadrats estimation, the rural population density was estimated. This paper takes Shandong province as a test area. The result shows that the method of urban-rural population density estimation could reflect the heterogeneity and continuity of the population spatial distribution in urban internal well, and express the population spatial distribution in rural area. By comparison with the reference data, the method of this paper is superior to the reference data in describing the spatial extent of residents and expressing the spatial distribution of population. And due to the globality of GlobeLand30 data, it is feasible to extend the method to a wider area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1384-1391
Number of pages8
JournalCehui Xuebao/Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • 30 m global land cover data (GlobeLand30)
  • DMSP/OLS night light data
  • Large region
  • Rural residential area
  • Shandong Province
  • Urban and rural population density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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