Establishing a conceptual model for photochemical ozone pollution in subtropical Hong Kong

Z. H. Ling, Hai Guo, J. Y. Zheng, P. K.K. Louie, H. R. Cheng, F. Jiang, K. Cheung, L. C. Wong, X. Q. Feng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Photochemical ozone (O3) formation is related to its precursors and meteorological conditions. A conceptual model of O3air pollution is developed based on the analysis of data obtained at Tung Chung (TC) in Hong Kong. By comparing meteorological parameters between O3and non-O3episode days, it was found that high temperatures, strong solar radiation, low wind speeds and relative humidity, northeasterly and/or northwesterly prevailing winds were favorable for the O3formation, while tropical cyclones were most conducive to the occurrence of O3episodes. Backward trajectories simulation and graphical illustration of O3pollution suggested that super-regional (i.e. central and eastern China) and regional (i.e. Pearl River Delta, southern China) transport was another factor that contributed to high O3levels in Hong Kong. The photochemical O3formation, generally VOC-limited in Hong Kong, was controlled by a small number of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Furthermore, the positive matrix factorization (PMF) simulation suggested that solvent usage and vehicular emissions are the major contributors to ambient VOCs in Hong Kong. Finally, this paper presents recommendations for further O3research and implementation of O3control strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-220
Number of pages13
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2013


  • Conceptual model
  • Hong Kong
  • Ozone
  • Regional
  • Super-regional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science


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