ESPRIT-based extended-aperture source localization using velocity-hydrophones

Kainam Thomas Wong, Michael D. Zoltowski

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A novel ESPRIT-based 2D angle estimation scheme is proposed using a rectangular array of triads of spatially co-located but orthogonally oriented velocity-hydrophones spaced much farther apart than a half-wavelength. Each velocity-hydrophone measures one Cartesian component of the sonar velocity-field. The use of such velocity-hydrophone triads enable the measurement of the velocity-field vector of the sonar wavefield. Because each source's normalized velocity-field vector equal to the source's Cartesian direction-cosines. The source's arrival angle can thus be extracted from this velocity-field measurements. On the other hand, when uniformly spaced array elements are spaced beyond a half wavelength, ESPRIT's eigenvalues offer a cyclic ambiguity. The direction-cosine estimates obtained from the velocity-field may serve as reference to disambiguate the low-variance but cyclically ambiguous direction-cosine estimation obtained from ESPRIT's eigenvalues. Simulations are presented showing the sample variance of direction-cosine estimates decreasing linearly as inter-triad spacing is increased from an half-wavelength to 12 half-wavelengths, with a 33-fold reduction in estimation standard deviation relative to the half-wavelength case. This proposed scheme also outperforms a uniform half-wavelength-spaced array of pressure-hydrophones with comparable hardware and software costs by an order of magnitude in estimation standard deviation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1427-1432
Number of pages6
JournalOceans Conference Record (IEEE)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1996 MTS/IEEE Oceans Conference. Part 3 (of 3) - Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States
Duration: 23 Sept 199626 Sept 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography


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