Erythrina variegata extract exerts osteoprotective effects by suppression of the process of bone resorption

Yan Zhang, Qi Li, Xiaoli Li, Hoi Ying Wan, Man Sau Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Our previous study showed that Erythrina variegata L. (EV) inhibited bone loss and improved bone properties in ovariectomised rats. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the potential mechanism involved in mediating the osteoprotective actions of EV. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a phyto-oestrogen-free diet and subjected to either ovariectomy or a sham operation. Ovariectomised rats were treated with genistein (40mg/kg) as well as low (200mg/kg), medium (500mg/kg) or high (1000mg/kg) doses of EV extract. Bone properties and mRNA expressions were evaluated by micro-computed tomography and quantitative RT-PCR, respectively. Osteoclast differentiation in RAW 2647 cells was studied by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining. High doses of EV could decrease urinary Ca and P excretion, maintain serum Ca and P level, and exert beneficial effects on the micro-structure and morphology of trabecular bone and cortical bone in ovariectomised rats. EV suppressed the up-regulation of cathepsin K mRNA and the down-regulation of osteoprotegrin mRNA in the tibia of ovariectomised rats. TRAP-positive cell numbers were significantly decreased in receptor activator of nuclear factor-B ligand (RANKL)-induced RAW 2647 cells when co-cultured with EV extracts. The present study indicated that the protective effects of EV on bone properties in ovariectomised rats are likely to be mediated by its inhibitory actions on the process of bone resorption via the suppression of osteoclast differentiation and maturation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-971
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2010


  • Bone resorption
  • Erythrina variegata L.
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ovariectomised rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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