Metallofullerenes with two erbium atoms encapsulated in IPR C82cage isomers Cs-6 (I), C2v-9 (II), and C3v-8 (III) were investigated using density functional theory. The calculations suggest that erbium atoms assume a trivalent state with Er (4f11) valence electronic configuration in Er2@C82and Er2C2@C82, where two electrons (6s2) per Er atom are transferred to the cage carrying four negative charges (C824-), while the third electron is promoted from the 4f to the 5d shell, becoming involved in covalent bonding to near atoms. Experimentally, Er3+-like emission from4I13/2to4I15/2was observed, and our calculations indicate that the Er-Er covalent metal bond in Er2@C82, and the Er-C/C2covalent bonds in Er2C2@C82, can account for the observed photoluminescence despite the cage with C824-. Such existence is the reason that the C2unit was found to be neutral on the basis of MEM-Rietveld X-ray measurements, although formally it should be described as C22-. Our prediction for isomer photoluminescence intensity agrees with the experimentally determined order (III > I > II), where the most pronounced activity of isomer III in Er2C2@C82stems from its higher charge of formal Er3+and its largest HOMO-LUMO gap.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry