The application of graphene-based CoFe2O4(G-CoFe2O4) as an activator of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to degrade a plasticizer, dimethyl phthalate (DMP), has been investigated systematically, including the catalytic performance, beneficial effects, and the reaction mechanisms. In general, G-CoFe2O4was found more efficient than CoFe2O4to activate PMS. Several operational parameters were examined (e.g. the graphene content, reagent dosage, solution pH). Results showed that the optimum graphene content was determined to be 22%, and higher content could lead to excessive adsorption and incomplete degradation of DMP. A wide pH range of 4.0-8.35 was determined to be applicable for G-CoFe2O4. Furthermore, the role of graphene in the hybrid catalyst was found to serve as a matrix rather than a catalyst, and the adsorption of DMP molecules induced by the presence of graphene could be desorbed again by the participation of PMS ions. Finally, the degradation mechanisms were investigated, where bothOH and SO4- were verified to be the active radicals in the G-CoFe2O4/PMS process. The DMP degradation was found mainly through the radical attack (OH and SO4-) of the aromatic ring and the oxidation of the aliphatic chain. The latter was also responsible for the TOC removal in the process.
- Dimethyl phthalate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering