Enjoy your evening, be proactive tomorrow: How Off-Job experiences shape daily proactivity

Kan Ouyang, Bonnie Hayden Cheng, Wing Lam, Sharon K. Parker

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing on conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) and the model of proactive motivation (Parker, Bindl, & Strauss, 2010), this research employs experience sampling methods to examine how employees' off-job experiences during the evening relate to their proactive behavior at work the next day. A multilevel path analysis of data from 183 employees across 10 workdays indicated that various types of off-job experiences in the evening had differential effects on daily proactive behavior during the subsequent workday, and the psychological mechanisms underlying these varied relationships were distinct. Specifically, off-job mastery in the evening related positively to next-morning high-activated positive affect and role breadth self-efficacy, off-job agency in the evening related positively to next-morning role breadth self-efficacy and desire for control, and off-job hassles in the evening related negatively to next-morning high-activated positive affect; next-morning high-activated positive affect, role breadth self-efficacy, and desire for control, in turn, predicted next-day proactive behavior. Off-job relaxation in the evening related positively to next-morning low-activated positive affect, and off-job detachment in the evening had a decreasingly positive curvilinear relationship with next-morning low-activated positive affect. However, as expected, these two types of off-job experiences and lowactivated positive affect did not relate to next-day proactive behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1019
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Daily proactive behavior
  • Desire for control
  • Positive affect
  • Role breadth self-efficacy
  • Work recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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