Enhancing training performance for brain–computer interface with object-directed 3D visual guidance

Shuang Liang, Kup Sze Choi, Jing Qin, Wai Man Pang, Pheng Ann Heng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The accuracy of the classification of user intentions is essential for motor imagery (MI)-based brain–computer interface (BCI). Effective and appropriate training for users could help us produce the high reliability of mind decision making related with MI tasks. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of visual guidance on the classification performance of MI-based BCI. Methods: In this study, leveraging both the single-subject and the multi-subject BCI paradigms, we train and classify MI tasks with three different scenarios in a 3D virtual environment, including non-object-directed scenario, static-object-directed scenario, and dynamic object-directed scenario. Subjects are required to imagine left-hand or right-hand movement with the visual guidance. Results: We demonstrate that the classification performances of left-hand and right-hand MI task have differences on these three scenarios, and confirm that both static-object-directed and dynamic object-directed scenarios could provide better classification accuracy than the non-object-directed case. We further indicate that both static-object-directed and dynamic object-directed scenarios could shorten the response time as well as be suitable applied in the case of small training data. In addition, experiment results demonstrate that the multi-subject BCI paradigm could improve the classification performance comparing with the single-subject paradigm. These results suggest that it is possible to improve the classification performance with the appropriate visual guidance and better BCI paradigm. Conclusion: We believe that our findings would have the potential for improving classification performance of MI-based BCI and being applied in the practical applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2129-2137
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • Brain–computer interface (BCI)
  • Electroencephpalogram (EEG)
  • Motor imagery
  • Multi-subject paradigm
  • Single-subject paradigm
  • User training
  • Visual guidance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing training performance for brain–computer interface with object-directed 3D visual guidance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this