Enhancing the performance of pre-cast concrete blocks by incorporating waste glass - ASR consideration

Chi Sing Lam, Chi Sun Poon, Dixon Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

121 Citations (Scopus)


There is a growing interest of using recycled crushed glass (RCG) as an aggregate in construction materials especially for non-structural applications. Although the recycled crushed glass is able to reduce the water absorption and drying shrinkage in concrete products due to its near to zero water absorption characteristics, the potential detrimental effect of using glass due to alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in cementitious materials is a real concern. The extent of ASR and its effect on concrete paving blocks produced with partial replacement of natural aggregates by crushed glass cullet are investigated in this study. This study is comprised of two parts. The first part quantified the extent of the ASR expansion and determined the adequate amount of mineral admixtures that was needed to reduce the ASR expansion for concrete paving blocks prepared with different recycled crushed glass contents using an accelerated mortar bar test in accordance with ASTM C 1260 (80 °C, 1 N NaOH solution). In the second part, concrete paving blocks were produced using the optimal mix proportion derived in the first part of this study and the corresponding mechanical properties were determined. It was found from the mortar bar test that the incorporation of 25% or less RCG induced negligible ASR expansion after a testing period of 28 days. For mixes with a glass content of higher than 25%, the incorporation of mineral admixtures such as pulverized fuel ash and metakaolin was able to suppress the ASR expansion within the stipulated limit but the results need to be confirmed by other test methods such as the concrete prism test. The study concluded that the optimal mix formulation for utilizing crushed waste glass in concrete paving blocks should contain at least 10% PFA by weight of the total aggregates used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-625
Number of pages10
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2007


  • ASR
  • Concrete paving blocks
  • Recycled aggregates
  • Recycled glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing the performance of pre-cast concrete blocks by incorporating waste glass - ASR consideration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this