Enhancing the Light Output-Coupling of Inverted Top-Emitting Organic Light-Emitting Diodes by Using the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance of Ag Nanoparticles

Yunping Zhao, Yixiao Niu, Wei Shi, Zhen Zhang, Xuyong Yang, Bin Wei, Yudong Pang, Wai Yeung Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


In this study, a light out-coupling layer (LOCL) composed of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) and MoOx is introduced on top of the inverted top-emitting organic light-emitting diode (OLED). The full width at half maximum (FWHM) is narrowed to 50 nm due to the micro-cavity effect of the top-emitting structure and the turn-on voltage is as low as 2.6 V. The AgNPs in the LOCL significantly improves the light output-coupling of the OLED owing to the localized surface plasmon resonance, and the MoOx in the LOCL effectively protects the water- and oxygen-sensitive electron injection material. As a result, the performance of the OLED with the LOCL is significantly enhanced. The maximum current efficiency and external quantum efficiency of the device are increased by 53% and 30% to 28.27 cd A−1 and 13.09%. The enhanced electroluminescent performance of the OLED, together with the narrowed FWHM and the low turn-on voltage, provides a new way to realize ultra-high-definition display and micro-display.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200244
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number15
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Apr 2022


  • Ag nanoparticles
  • localized surface plasmon resonance
  • micro-cavity
  • top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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