Enhancing efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells via a high mobility p-type PbS buffer layer

Xiaolu Zheng, Hongwei Lei, Guang Yang, Weijun Ke, Zhiliang Chen, Cong Chen, Junjie Ma, Quanbing Guo, Fang Yao, Qi Zhang, Hongxing Xu, Guojia Fang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


Although the perovskite solar cells (PSCs) based on organic hole transport materials (HTMs) have demonstrated excellent photovoltaic performance, there are still some obstacles that limiting their future commercialization, one of which is the device stability. Herein, we first report that depositing a (200) orientated PbS thin film upon organic HTMs as buffer layer can significantly enhance the stability and improve the performance of PSCs. The superior hole extraction efficiency of spiro-OMeTAD/PbS bilayer can balance the charge transfer and the hydrophobic nature of PbS could avoid the permeation of moisture. As a result, the PSCs with PbS buffer layer exhibited a better photovoltaic performance (a champion power conversion efficiency of 19.58%) with respect to the reference cells (18.79%), and maintained almost 100% of its initial PCE after 1000 h stored in ambient air. Furthermore, when suffer from some more severe conditions, the device with PbS retained 56% of its initial PCE after 96 h annealing at 85 °C, while only 25% for the reference cells. Our results provide a simple method to avoid the weakness of organic HTMs, and suggest that PbS thin film could be an alternative buffer layer material in PSCs to simultaneously improve the device stability and photovoltaic performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Buffer layer
  • High mobility
  • PbS film
  • Perovskite solar cells
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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