This study evaluates the use of a novel mechanical stimulus, ultrasound (US), and a putative chemical elicitor, methyl jasmonate (MJ), combined with in situ solvent extraction (two-phase culture), to enhance taxol production by Taxus chinensis cells in suspension culture. The volumetric taxol yield was increased 1.5- to 1.8-fold with 2 min US treatment once or twice during a 4-week culture period, about 5-fold with 60-120 μM MJ, and 7- to 9-fold by in situ solvent extraction of taxol with dibutyl phthalate (DBP) (11% v/v). The percent of extracellular taxol or taxol release was also significantly increased. The combined use of US (day 5 or 9) and MJ treatment (day 7) resulted in taxol yields 20-50% higher than each of the treatments used alone. The most favorable strategy for taxol production was the application of US or MJ treatment, followed by in situ solvent extraction, giving rise to a taxol yield of 33-35 mg/l, about 17-fold higher than the control, at 1.9 mg/l. It was found that the organic solvent DBP, as well as US and MJ, stimulated the enzyme activity of secondary metabolic pathways, which was partially responsible for the enhanced taxol production.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology