Enhancement of surface finish using water-miscible nano-cutting fluid in ultra-precision turning

C. Y. Chan, Wing Bun Lee, H. Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an experimental study on the enhancement effect of the low viscosity cutting fluid enriched with nano-droplets (NDCF) in ultra-precision turning. Unlike the conventional method in which the enhancement is done by adding nano-metric particles, no suspension particles are mixed to produce the NDCF in this paper. Instead, the NDCFs are produced by atomisation of the cutting fluid that circulates in a closed-loop treatment device. The atomisation process is found to reduce the viscosity of the NDCF significantly by the formation of nano-droplets (NDs). The reduced viscosity of the NDCFs could be increased by diluting them with water. The bench tests on wetting properties reveal that the NDCF demonstrates two distinct properties: a very linear spreading rate and a relatively low contact angle. These two properties assist the NDCF in penetrating deeper into the tool-chip and tool-work interfaces and hence provides a better lubrication effect at these interfaces. In this paper, the ultra-precision cylindrical turning experiments reveal that the droplet size of the NDCF is a more important factor than viscosity on affecting the surface finish in ultra-precision machining.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-70
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2013


  • Chip morphology
  • Nano-droplets
  • Surface finish
  • Ultra-precision machining
  • Water-miscible cutting fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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