Enhancement of recycled aggregate properties by accelerated CO2curing coupled with limewater soaking process

Bao Jian Zhan, Dong Xing Xuan, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)


Strengthening the attached old cement mortar of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) is a common approach to enhance the RCA properties. Accelerated CO 2 curing has been regarded as an alternative way to enhance the properties of RA. However, the improvement of the properties of RCA was limited by the shortage of reactive components in the old cement mortar available for the carbonation reactions. In this study, a CO 2 curing process associated with a limewater saturation method was performed cyclically on cement mortar samples, aiming to enhance the properties of cement mortars via artificially introducing additional calcium into the pores of the cement mortars. The results indicated that the adopted treatment method promoted the level of carbonation which was demonstrated by higher CO 2 uptake by the limewater saturated cement mortar when compared to that without limewater treatment. After 3-cycles of limewater-CO 2 treatment, the density of the cement mortar slightly increased by 5.7%, while the water absorption decreased by over a half. For mechanical properties, the compressive and flexural strength were increased by 22.8% and 42.4%, respectively. Compared to the untreated cement mortar samples, the total porosity of cement mortar was reduced by approximately 33% and the densified microstructure therefore resulted in a higher microhardness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-237
Number of pages8
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


  • CO curing
  • Carbonation
  • Densification
  • Limewater
  • Microhardness
  • Recycled aggregates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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