Enhancement of colour effects of dyed-yarn mixed fabrics using cramming motion and finer polyester yarns

Lau Yiu Tang, Xiao Tian, Tao Hua

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper reports the study of the effects of cramming motion implemented during weaving and finer weft yarns used on dyed-yarn mixed woven fabrics produced by using raw white warps and multicolored-wefts. The cramming motion was used to increase the dyed-weft yarns cover factor of fabric, and thus, to reduce the negative effect of white warp floats at the fabric face on the color attributes of fabric. The surface structure of fabric was characterized by using several key geometrical parameters that determined the resultant fabric color attributes. The effects of fabric structure and density, weft yarn count, and the introduction of black yarn on the fabric face layer on the fabric surface geometrical parameters, physical properties, as well as color attributes were investigated under the implementation of cramming motion on the fabric. The color attributes of fabrics using cramming motion and finer yarns were also compared to the fabrics without cramming motion. The experimental results indicate that the weft yarn density and cover factor of fabric face layer are increased by applying cramming motion and finer yarns for fabricating the blue-red and/or black mixed fabrics. Consequently, the fabric lightness can be further reduced for achieving a better color effect on colorful and figured woven fabrics mainly using dyed-wefts for color mixing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number783
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2018


  • Color performance
  • Cramming motion
  • Fabric structure
  • Geometrical parameters
  • Physical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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