Enhancement in multiferroic and piezoelectric properties of BiFeO3-BaTiO3-Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3lead-free ceramics with MnO2addition by optimizing sintering temperature and dwell time

Ying Li, Yongquan Guo, Qiaoji Zheng, Kwok Ho Lam, Wei Zhou, Yang Wan, Dunmin Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Multiferroic ceramics of 0.705BiFeO3-0.275BaTiO3-0.02Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3+ 1 mol% MnO2were prepared by a conventional ceramic technique and the effects of sintering temperature (Ts) and dwell time (ts) on the phase structure, piezoelectric and multiferroic properties of the ceramics were investigated. As Tsincreases from 880 °C to 1040 °C, the ceramics are transformed from rhombohedral to tetragonal structure and a MPB is formed at Ts= 1000 °C and ts= 2 h. The increase in Tsgreatly improves the densification, electric insulation, ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity of the ceramics, while relatively weak dependences on tsare observed. As Tsincreases from 880 °C to 1000 °C, the magnetism of the ceramics is significantly enhanced and the values of Mrare increased by ∼400%. The optimum sintering conditions of the ceramic is 1000 °C/2 h, in which high density, good electric insulation and enhanced ferroelectricity (Pr= 18.4 μC/cm2), piezoelectricity (d33= 140 pC/N, kp= 31.4%) and ferromagnetism (Mr= 0.099 emu/g) are simultaneously obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015


  • Ceramics
  • Ferroelectricity
  • Magnetic materials
  • Phase transitions
  • Piezoelectricity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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