Enhanced thermoelectric properties of PbTe0.95 Via N-type PbS nano-inclusions using a conventional sintering method

Dongliang Shi, Kwok Ho Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


An N-type lead telluride (PbTe0.95) thermoelectric material prepared by a conventional sintering method (CSM) has been investigated for the first time. N-type nanosized lead sulfide (PbS) fabricated using the one-pot synthesis method was embedded in the PbTe0.95 matrix to enhance the thermoelectric efficiency, zT. It was successfully demonstrated that the CSM could be used to prepare the nanosized n-type PbTe composite with the zT value of ∼1 at 673 K. This value is comparable to the one synthesized using spark plasma sintering and hot press sintering methods. We attribute the enhanced zT to the strong phonon scattering induced by the nanosized PbS. Meanwhile, the nanosized PbS particles, acting as a sintering additive, enhanced the sintering behavior of as-prepared PbTe0.95 powder. It was found that the introduction of 3 wt% nanosized n-type PbS could reduce the lattice thermal conductivity of the pristine sample of PbTe0.95 from 0.914 W m-1 K-1 to 0.59 W m-1 K-1. Finally, a single parabolic band model (SPB) demonstrated that the 3 wt% was the optimized doping amount for the PbS-doped PbTe0.95 composites. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15977-15982
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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