Enhanced piezoelectric-induced catalysis of SrTiO3 nanocrystal with well-defined facets under ultrasonic vibration

Jiasen Ling, Kai Wang, Zeyan Wang, Haitao Huang, Gaoke Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Facet engineering of nanocomposite has been confirmed to be an efficient strategy to accelerate their catalytic performances, but to improve their piezoelectric catalytic activities by facet engineering has been seldom reported. Herein, we developed a series of SrTiO3 nanocrystals with exposed {0 0 1} facet, dominant {1 1 0} facet and co-exposed {0 0 1} and {1 1 0} facets, respectively, and firstly revealed its piezoelectric catalytic performance under ultrasonic vibration. Moreover, the relationship between piezoelectric-induced catalytic activity and facet-dependence of SrTiO3 nanocrystal was disclosed for the first time. The SrTiO3 nanocrystal with co-exposed {0 0 1} and {1 1 0} facets exhibited effectively enhanced piezoelectric catalytic activity by degrading Rhodamine B (RhB) under ultrasonic vibration, as compared to that of SrTiO3 nanocrystals with exposed {0 0 1} facet and dominant {1 1 0} facet, respectively. In addition, trapping experiments and active species quantitative experiments confirmed that the co-exposed {0 0 1} and {1 1 0} facets were beneficial to produce [rad]O2 and [rad]OH with the generation rates of 8.3 and 132.2 μmol g−1 h−1, respectively. The [rad]OH radical played a dominant role in piezoelectric catalytic process. Finally, the piezoelectric catalysis mechanism of SrTiO3 surface heterojunction was proposed based on a DFT study. This study presents an in-depth understanding of piezoelectric-induced catalytic of perovskite nanocrystals with exposed well-defined facets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104819
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Facet engineering
  • Piezoelectric-catalytic
  • SrTiO nanocrystal
  • Surface heterojunction
  • Ultrasonic vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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