Enhanced phytoextraction of Pb and other metals from artificially contaminated soils through the combined application of EDTA and EDDS

Chunling Luo, Zhenguo Shen, Xiangdong Li, Alan J M Baker

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemically enhanced phytoextraction is achieved by the application of chelates to soils. Using pot experiments, the effect of the combined application of EDTA and EDDS on the uptake of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd by Zea mays L. was studied. Among the tested application ratios of 1:1, 1:2, and 2:1 (EDTA/EDDS), 2:1 of EDTA:EDDS was the most efficient ratio for increasing the concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd in the shoots. The combined application of 3.33 mmol kg-1soil of EDTA + 1.67 mmol kg-1soil of EDDS produced 650 mg kg-1of Pb in the shoots, which was 2.4 and 5.9 times the concentration of Pb in the shoots treated with 5 mmol kg-1of EDTA and EDDS alone, respectively. The total phytoextraction of Pb reached 1710 μg kg-1soil, which was 2.1 and 6.1 times the total Pb from 5 mmol kg-1EDTA and EDDS alone, respectively. The combined application of EDTA and EDDS also significantly increased the translocation of Pb from the roots to the shoots. The mechanism of enhancing the phytoextraction of Pb by the combined application of EDTA + EDDS did not involve a change in the pH of the soil. The increase in the phytoextraction of Pb by the shoots of Z. mays L. was more pronounced than the increase of Pb in the soil solution with the combined application of EDTA and EDDS. It was thought that the major role of EDDS might be to increase the uptake and translocation of Pb from the roots to the shoots of plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1784
Number of pages12
JournalChemosphere
Volume63
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Cd
  • Combined application
  • Cu
  • EDDS
  • EDTA
  • Pb
  • Phytoextraction
  • Zea mays L.
  • Zn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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