Enhanced phytoextraction of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd with EDTA and EDDS

Chunling Luo, Zhenguo Shen, Xiangdong Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

442 Citations (Scopus)


Chemically enhanced phytoextraction has been proposed as an effective approach to removing heavy metals from contaminated soil through the use of high biomass plants. Using pot experiments, the effects of the application of EDTA, EDDS and citric acid on the uptake of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd by corn (Zea mays L. cv. Nongda 108) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. white bean) plants were studied. The results showed that EDDS was more effective than EDTA at increasing the concentration of Cu in corn and beans. The application of 5 mmol kg-1soil EDDS to soil significantly increased concentrations of Cu in shoots, with maximum levels of 2060 and 5130 mg kg-1DW in corn and beans, respectively, which were 45- and 135-fold higher than that in the corresponding control plants to which chelate had not been applied. Concentrations of Zn in shoots were also higher in the plants treated with EDDS than in those treated with EDTA. For Pb and Cd, EDDS was less effective than EDTA. The maximum Cu phytoextraction was found with the EDDS treatment. The application of EDTA and EDDS also significantly increased the shoot-to-root ratios of the concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd in both plant species. The results of metal extraction with chelates showed that EDDS was more efficient at solubilizing Cu and Zn than EDTA, and that EDTA was better at solubilizing Pb and Cd than EDDS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005


  • Beans
  • Corn
  • EDDS
  • EDTA
  • Metals
  • Phytoextraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry


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