The photocatalytic characteristics of the TiO2/ZnO nanofibers synthesized by electrospinning followed by calcinating at different temperatures to alter the anatase-to-rutile ratio are investigated. The results demonstrate that the photocatalytic activity of TiO2/ZnO nanofibers is enhanced by optimizing the anatase/rutile ratio among the trade-off effects of the band-gap energy, the electron/hole recombination rate, and the surface area. When calcined at 650 C, the TiO2/ZnO nanofibers with optimal anatase/rutile ratio (48:52) balancing these trade-off effects have the highest photocatalytic efficiency both in the degradation of RhB in liquid and conversion of NO gas.
- Reduced electron-hole recombination
- Rutile-anatase ratio
- TiO /ZnO 2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology